|Population||130.9 million (2022)|
|GDP||1.3 trillion USD (2022)|
|GDP per capita||9,926 USD (2022)|
|Internet penetration||74% of the population use the internet (2022)|
|Ecommerce users||48% of the population shop online (2022)|
|Leading product categories||Integrated circuits, refined petroleum, vehicle parts, office machine parts, and cars|
|Preferred online payment method(s)||Debit cards, Visa, MasterCard, American Express, PayPal, cash payments, Mercado Pago app, phone payments, prepaid cards, and e-wallets|
The landed cost for a cross-border transaction includes all duties, taxes, and fees associated with the purchase. This includes:
CIF: CIF (cost, insurance, freight) is a method for calculating import taxes where the tax is calculated on the cost of the order, plus the cost of freight, insurance, and seller's commission.
Further explanation of duty, tax, and de minimis provided below
Based on the CIF value of the order
Duty and tax will be charged only on imports into Mexico where the total CIF value of the import exceeds Mexico’s duty or tax de minimis. If the CIF value of an order to Mexico is over 50 USD, then tax will be charged. If the CIF value of an order to Mexico is over 1,000 USD, then duty will be charged. Shipments with a CIF value under the tax and duty de minimis will be considered a tax-free and duty-free import; if the CIF value is over both of the de minimis values, duty and tax will be charged.
Applied to the CIF value of the order
The value-added tax (VAT)/Impuesto al valor agregado (IVA) in Mexico varies from 16%-20% for U.S. and Canadian imports. For the rest of the world, the IVA rate is 19%-20%.
Applied to the CIF value of the order
Mexico’s duties are calculated based on the CIF value of the order, except for goods originating from the U.S. and Canada for which the FOB value is used. Mexico’s average duty rate is 5.8%.
Countervailing duty (CVD) and antidumping (AD) fees are extra duty charges to offset what the country (in this case, Mexico) believes to be dumping or subsidizing certain products that compete with their domestic industry by unfairly traded imports.
The International Trade Administration’s (ITA) Enforcement and Compliance calculates the antidumping (AD)/ countervailing duty (CVD) rates and what imports the duties apply to. The Customs and Border Protection (CBP) carries out these decisions and collects the AD/CVD imposed on the imports. The importer is responsible for the AD/CVD charges. These resources outline how to determine if your imports are subject to AD/CVD rates:
Advice from import specialists is not binding.
Below are sample landed cost breakdowns for Mexico (one below the duty and tax de minimis and one above the tax de minimis) calculated using Zonos Quoter:
Landed cost for a shipment to Mexico below the de minimis value:
Landed cost for a shipment to Mexico above the de minimis value:
Mexico has at least 13 trade agreements with 50 countries that offer a zero or highly discounted duty rate for goods made in participating countries.
Currently, Mexico has the following arrangements:
Tratado entre México, Estados Unidos y Canadá (T-MEC)
T-MEC provides special duty rate treatment on shipments between the U.S., Mexico, and Canada.
On July 1, 2020, T-MEC replaced NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement), which was one of the oldest and most well-known trade agreements. T-MEC allows for minimal formal entry procedures and saves consumers money, encouraging global trade as a result. T-MEC offers substantial savings for merchants importing goods made in the U.S., Canada, or Mexico, that meet the rules of origin requirements.
Each country that is part of T-MEC calls the agreement by their own name:
It is important to add a statement to the commercial invoice certifying that the imported goods originated from a T-MEC/CUSMA/USMCA country.
"I hereby certify that the goods covered by this shipment qualify as an originating good for the purpose of preferential tariff treatment under T-MEC/CUSMA/USMCA."
The tax and duty rates that Mexico provides for the U.S. and Canada under this agreement are as follows:
Mexico is a member of the World Trade Organization
Being a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO), Mexico must abide by the most-favored-nation (MFN) clause, which requires a country to provide any concessions, privileges, or immunities granted to one nation in a trade agreement to all other WTO member countries. For example, if a country reduces duties by 10% for one country, the MFN clause states that all WTO members will have their duties cut by 10% in that country.
Official Portal of Mexico- Servicio de Administración Tributaria (SAT)
Mexico uses an online SAT portal, or tax services module, to process VAT refunds, which requires registration and file forms of taxpayer identification, (referred to as Registro Federal de Contribuyentes or RFC).
Talk to your carrier about customs refunds.
Depending on the courier, additional shipping fees may include:
Certificate of origin: If the value of goods (cart value prior to transportation) is over 1,000 USD
Get more details at the International Trade Administration’s Import Requirements and Documentation page.
Government agencies regulate imports.
Restricted items are different from prohibited items. Prohibited items are not allowed to be imported into a country at all. Restricted items are not allowed to be imported into a country unless the importer has approval or a special license that allows them. Controlled goods have military or national security significance.
(For B2B shipments) The business importing goods into Mexico (the recipients) needs to register in Mexico as a business and obtain a tax ID number. This is accomplished with the Mexican government's Official Register of Importers, known as the “Padron de Importadores.” This registration will allow the importer to be part of the Mexican Tax Authority (SAT).
Many shipments require a broker to clear the shipment. All shipments are subject to pre-inspection by the customs house broker. It is advised that high-value shipments (valued at over 1,000 USD) use a local customs broker.
What are the most popular ecommerce platforms in Mexico?
The top five most popular ecommerce platforms in Mexico are Amazon.com.mx, Walmart.com.mx, Shein.com.mx, liverpool.com.mx, and Coppel.com.mx.
See Zonospolicies and agreements.
A cross-border guide to Mexican ecommerce, shipping, and importing
If you are looking to grow your ecommerce business into Mexico , you’ve come to the right place. In our guide, created by Zonos' cross-border experts, you will find the following: